PART TWO

 

 

With the death of one Pope and the selection of another, we could see that all roads lead to Rome as far as Chr--tianity is concerned.  On the other hand, with the re-establishment of the Sanhedrin, all roads lead to Jerusalem for Judaism.  This will bring in the rebuilt temple and the re-institution of the sacrificial system.  What a contrast!  Has the Levitical Priesthood any relevance for the true worshipper today?  Should the Levitical Priesthood be re-established?  Or!  Did Yahshua the Messiah change this order into another priesthood?

 

What was the purpose of the Aaronic priesthood?  Who instituted this order?

 A Kohen (or Cohen, Hebrew "priest," pl. Kohanim or Cohanim) is a direct male descendent of the biblical Aaron, brother of Moses, and has a distinct personal status in Judaism.

The priesthood in the Bible


The Torah appoints Aaron, brother of Moses, and Aaron's descendants as Kohanim (Numbers 3:1-4). They were given duties associated with the Tabernacle (Numbers 1:47-54; 3:5-13,44-51; 8:5-26), primarily the daily and Jewish holy day offerings of various sacrifices, collectively known as the korbanot in Hebrew.

Since Aaron was a Levite, this means that all Kohanim are Levites. Most of the service, mainly of the korbanot, in the Temple could be conducted only by Kohanim. Non-Kohen Levites assisted in the services of the Temple.

Biblical Judaism saw in the Temple the manifestation of Yahweh's presence among His people, and in the Kohanim (priests) a vehicle of heavenly grace. According to the Talmud, "the priests were the emissaries, not of the people, but of Yahweh"; hence, a person who had sworn that he would not accept a service from a priest might nevertheless employ him to offer sacrifices and might make atonement for sin through him (Talmud, Yoma 19a; and Nedarim)

 

Let's go back to the calling of Moses and the fundamental establishment of the Levitical priesthood.
 

 And Moses said to Yahweh, O Sovereign, I am not a man of words, either from yesterday or the third day, nor since You have been speaking to Your bondservant. For I am heavy of mouth and heavy of tongue.
 And Yahweh said to him, Who has made man's mouth? Or who makes the dumb, or the deaf, or the seeing, or the blind? Is it not I, Yahweh?
 And now go, and I will be with your mouth, and will teach you what you shall speak.
 And he said, O Sovereign, please send by the hand of him whom You will send.
 And the anger of Yahweh glowed against Moses. And He said, Do I not know your brother, Aaron the Levite, that he can speak well? And, behold, he also is coming out to meet you, and he will see you and be glad in his heart.
 And you shall speak to him, and you shall put the words in his mouth. And I will be with your mouth, and with his mouth, and I will teach you what you shall do.
 And he shall speak for you to the people. And it shall be, he shall be a mouth for you, and you shall be as Elohim to him. Exodus 4:10-16

 

With the selection of Aaron as spokesman, the beginning is established.  Now let's fast forward to Exodus 28.

 


And bring you near to you Aaron your brother, and his sons with him, from among the children of Israel,
that he may minister to me in the priestís office, even Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar, Aaronís sons. And you shall make holy garments for Aaron your brother, for glory and for beauty. And you shall speak to all that are wise-hearted, whom I have filled with the spirit of wisdom, that they make Aaronís garments to sanctify him, that he may minister to me in the priestís office.

 

 And these are the garments which they shall make: a breastplate, and an ephod, and a robe, and a coat of checker work, a mitre, and a girdle: and they shall make holy garments for Aaron your brother, and his sons, that he may minister to me in the priestís office. And they shall take the gold, and the blue, and the purple, and the scarlet, and the fine linen.
And they shall make the ephod of gold, of blue, and purple, scarlet, and fine twined linen, the work of the skilful workman. It shall have two shoulder-pieces joined to the two ends thereof, that it may be joined together. And the skilfully woven band, which is upon it, wherewith to gird it on, shall be like the work thereof and of the same piece; of gold, of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen. And you shall take two onyx stones, and grave on them the names of the children of Israel: six of their names on the one stone, and the names of the six that remain on the other stone, according to their birth. With the work of an engraver in stone, like the engravings of a signet, shall you engrave the two stones, according to the names of the children of Israel: you shall make them to be inclosed in settings of gold. And you shall put the two stones upon the shoulder-pieces of the ephod, to be stones of memorial for the children of Israel: and Aaron shall bear their names before Yahweh upon his two shoulders for a memorial. And you shall make settings of gold, and two chains of pure gold; like cords shall you make them, of wreathen work: and you shall put the wreathen chains on the settings.
And you shall make a breastplate of judgment, the work of the skilful workman; like the work of the ephod you shall make it; of gold, of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen, shall you make it. Foursquare it shall be and double; a span shall be the length thereof, and a span the breadth thereof.

 And you shall set in it settings of stones, four rows of stones: a row of sardius, topaz, and carbuncle shall be the first row; and the second row an emerald, a sapphire, and a diamond; and the third row a jacinth, an agate, and an amethyst; and the fourth row a beryl, and an onyx, and a jasper: they shall be inclosed in gold in their settings. And the stones shall be according to the names of the children of Israel, twelve, according to their names; like the engravings of a signet, every one according to his name, they shall be for the twelve tribes. And you shall make upon the breastplate chains like cords, of wreathen work of pure gold. And you shall make upon the breastplate two rings of gold, and shall put the two rings on the two ends of the breastplate. And you shall put the two wreathen chains of gold in the two rings at the ends of the breastplate. And the other two ends of the two wreathen chains you shall put on the two settings, and put them on the shoulder-pieces of the ephod in the forepart thereof. And you shall make two rings of gold, and you shall put them upon the two ends of the breastplate, upon the edge thereof, which is toward the side of the ephod inward. And you shall make two rings of gold, and shall put them on the two shoulder-pieces of the ephod underneath, in the forepart thereof, close by the coupling thereof, above the skilfully woven band of the ephod. And they shall bind the breastplate by the rings thereof into the rings of the ephod with a lace of blue, that it may be upon the skilfully woven band of the ephod, and that the breastplate be not loosed from the ephod. And Aaron shall bear the names of the children of Israel in the breastplate of judgment upon his heart, when he goeth in into the holy place, for a memorial before Yahweh continually. And you shall put in the breastplate of judgment the Urim and the Thummim; and they shall be upon Aaronís heart, when he goeth in before Yahweh: and Aaron shall bear the judgment of the children of Israel upon his heart before Yahweh continually.
And you shall make the robe of the ephod all of blue. And it shall have a hole for the head in the midst thereof: it shall have a binding of woven work round about the hole of it, as it were the hole of a coat of mail, that it be not rent. And upon the skirts of it you shall make pomegranates of blue, and of purple, and of scarlet, round about the skirts thereof; and bells of gold between them round about: a golden bell and a pomegranate, a golden bell and a pomegranate, upon the skirts of the robe round about. 35And it shall be upon Aaron to minister: and the sound thereof shall be heard when he goeth in into the holy place before Yahweh, and when he cometh out, that he die not.
And you shall make a plate of pure gold, and grave upon it, like the engravings of a signet, HOLY TO Yahweh (
קדשׁ ליהוה) And you shall put it on a lace of blue, and it shall be upon the mitre; upon the forefront of the mitre it shall be. And it shall be upon Aaronís forehead, and Aaron shall bear the iniquity of the holy things, which the children of Israel shall hallow in all their holy gifts; and it shall be always upon his forehead, that they may be accepted before Yahweh. And you shall weave the coat in checker work of fine linen, and you shall make a mitre of fine linen, and you shall make a girdle, the work of the embroiderer.


And for Aaronís sons you shall make coats, and you shall make for them girdles, and head-tires shall you make for them, for glory and for beauty. And you shall put them upon Aaron your brother, and upon his sons with him, and shall anoint them, and consecrate them, and sanctify them, that they may minister to me in the priestís office. And you shall make them linen breeches to cover the flesh of their nakedness; from the loins even to the thighs they shall reach: And they shall be upon Aaron, and upon his sons, when they go in into the tent of meeting, or when they come near to the altar to minister in the holy place; that they bear not iniquity, and die: it shall be a statute for ever to him and to his seed after him.  Exodus 28:1-ff

 

Aaron and his sons are selected by Yahweh to administer in the Priests office, with Aaron being the High Priest. 

 

AARON: First HIGH PRIEST; great-grandson of Levi; elder brother of MOSES and his spokesman before Pharaoh. Aaron and his descendants were selected to serve as PRIESTS; together with his sons he was duly anointed by Moses upon the completion of the Tabernacle. Aaron officiated in the Holy of Holies for almost forty years until his death in the wilderness. Other descendants of the tribe of Levi were appointed to perform varied services in the Tabernacle (and later in the Temple), but to Aaron and his descendants the kohanim (priests) ó was reserved the direct and immediate contact with the sanctuary and altar. As G-d, in whose service they officiated, was regarded as their lot, they received no inheritance in Canaan (Num. 18:20). Aaron is frequently mentioned as a symbol of the priesthood in general, and in rabbinic literature his name was a byword for piety and the pursuit of peace (cf. Avot 1:12). The rabbis also depicted and extolled the bond of brotherly love between Moses and Aaron.  The Encyclopedia of The Jewish Religion, Adama

 

This priesthood (Levitical) continued to function as the accepted sacrificial system until Yahshua changed it with new priesthood.  Thsi is known as the Melchizedek Priesthood.  We will discuss this Priesthood in part two.

 


 

Yours in Yahshua, Hawke

 

 

 

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